What are the rules to follow to prevent kidney stones?

Some health problems are very difficult to deal with. The sooner the treatment can be done the better. This condition can be avoided with a little caution. And you need to take care of your own health and resources.

What is Kidney Stone Problem?
Kidney stone disease is a problem where a part of the inside of the kidney is made up of minerals and salts. Not maintaining a proper diet, excess body fat, supplements of certain medications or side effects of some medications can cause kidney stones.


When does kidney stone pain start?

These stones can start hitting anywhere in the urinary tract. From the kidneys to the urethra and bladder. When urine becomes thick, waste products and minerals do not come out. It then makes stones with that waste material.

Sometimes kidney stones are excreted in the urine. It’s really painful. However, if the problem is caught at the right time, it can not cause too much damage. How many stones are in the kidney, what is its size? All of these things depend on how much water the patient needs to drink.

Otherwise, stones get stuck in the urethra for some time. Then it is not possible to remove the stone without surgery.


What are the causes of kidney stones?

Our body’s waste products are excreted through urine. Which is full of calcium and phosphate. Sometimes the body can’t do the job of trimming the wastes due to changes in the body.

This problem occurs when too much waste accumulates in the body and there is not enough fluid in the kidneys, then crystals start forming in the kidneys from the waste. Then those stones can come out through the urethra.

Kidney stones The biggest problem of a patient is urinating and then other problems come out through it.


What are the syndromes of kidney stones?

  • The pain in the waist slowly comes down to the legs.
  • Having difficulty passing the urine and not wanting it to stay after a while.
  • There is too much pain in the waist.
  • After urinating, think for a while.
  • Bleeding occurs several times with urination.
  • Sometimes urinary tract infection or UTI occurs when stones come into the urethra.
  • When the problem gets worse, urination stops and the patient may have a high fever.


How to deal with the problem?

I want to tell you 7 tips on how to be careful when you face kidney stones.


1) Drink a good amount of water

Keep your body moist. The body should not be allowed to become dry. Preventing kidney stones
The first step is to drink enough water. This helps the urine to pass, causing the toxin to flush out. As a result, stones cannot be made.

Drink at least 8-10 glasses of water throughout the day and at least one glass per hour.


2) Reduce sodium intake

Second, the amount of sodium intake should be reduced. Excess sodium in the diet can lead to the accumulation of calcium in the kidneys and the formation of stones.

And when sodium is excreted through the kidneys, it does not allow excess calcium to accumulate in the kidneys, resulting in the excretion of calcium through the kidneys. As a result, the possibility of stones is reduced.


3) Put calcium-rich foods in the diet

Need to eat extra calcium-rich foods. It sounds different, but the mechanism is different. The calcium that goes into our body through diet helps to reduce the amount of calcium oxalate in the urine or in the kidneys.

As a result, calcium cannot coagulate in the kidneys, and the chances of kidney stones are reduced. That is why milk, yogurt, and cheese are said to be included in the diet to protect the body from kidney stones.


4) Avoid sugars and caffeine

The next step is to avoid sugary and caffeinated beverages as much as possible. Drinks that are high in sugar, especially coffee and cola, increase the risk of kidney stones.

This means that once it has turned to stone, it accelerates the chances of becoming a stone the next time.


5. Certain foods must be omitted

There are a number of foods that, when ingested, have the potential to form stones directly. However, it does not happen in one and a half days, it lasts for a long time. Such as chocolate, nuts, spinach. Adequate amounts in these. Oxalate increases risk.


6) Low in animal protein

The amount of animal protein eaten should be kept as low as possible. Extra meat, poultry eggs, marine
Foods increase the amount of calcium and uric acid in the body, which is the primary cause of kidney stones.


7) Vitamin C under surveillance

Excessive intake of vitamin C is also bad. This is because the oxalate is more likely to be excreted with the urine, which causes kidney stones.

If you already have calcium oxalate stones in your body, talk to your doctor if you need to take vitamin C or its supplements.

Diagnosis and treatment The first treatment for kidney stone depend on the size of the stone. What it is made of, whether there is any pain from here, whether it is obstructing any part of the urinary tract.

Kidney stones are first diagnosed by routine urine and culture sensitivity tests, followed by X-rays and CT scans.

In the treatment, painkillers are given and the stones are powdered through lithotripsy and he is expelled with urine after drinking a lot of water.

However, if the stone is large and obstructs the urinary tract, When there is a problem, there is no other way but open surgery when the urine is stuck.


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